The Korea Now Podcast #54 – Gregg Brazinsky – ‘Nation Building, America, and Cold War Rivalries’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Gregg Brazinsky. They speak about the Cold War period, the Sino-American rivalry at this time, the competition for allies and friendly regimes across the third world, the history that, in-part, motivated China’s rise, the reasons for American resistance, how these attitudes and this history still animates the behaviour of these two global powers; America’s nation building efforts during the Cold War, the central role that Korea came to hold in these efforts, the reasons for such high-levels of American commitment at the time, how Koreans embraced, adapted and made American policies their own, the potential value of a ‘Developmental Autocracy’, and the legacy of this unique alliance today.

Gregg Brazinsky is a professor of history and international affairs at The George Washington University. He is the author of ‘Winning the Third World: Sino-American Rivalry during the Cold War’ (Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 2017) and ‘Nation Building in South Korea: Korean, Americans, and the Making of a Democracy’ (Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 2007). Beyond this, Gregg has written numerous journal articles and op-ed pieces and is the Director of the George Washington University Cold War Group (https://www.gwu.edu/~ieresgwu/programs/coldwar.cfm). Currently Gregg is working on two new projects: one focuses on cultural and economic relations between China and North Korea from 1950 to the present and the other focuses on American nation building in Asia.

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The Korea Now Podcast #53 – Jeffrey Robertson – ‘Watching the Watchers - Analysing Policy Discourse on North Korea’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Jeffrey Robertson. They speak about the North Korea Watcher community, what they do and how they operate, the various backgrounds from which people join this community, the differences and similarities that exist between Watchers, the nature of their research and the avenues that they use for publication, the developments that have impacted their research, the linguistic and informational challenges involved in studying a country like North Korea, and importantly the differences that have emerged between the English language North Korea Watcher community and the Korean language North Korea Watcher community.

Jeffrey Robertson is a Visiting fellow at the Asia–Pacific College of Diplomacy at the Australian National University and an Assistant Professor at Yonsei University in South Korea. He is the author of Diplomatic style and foreign policy: a case study of South Korea. His current research and upcoming book circle around an analysis of the North Korea Watcher community, and pertinent to this topic he is the author of: ‘Is Pyongyang Different in Washington and Seoul? English and Korean Language Policy Discourse on North Korea’ (http://www.keia.org/sites/default/files/publications/kei_aps_robertson_190423.pdf) and ‘Watching the North Korea watchers’ (https://www.aspistrategist.org.au/watching-the-north-korea-watchers).

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The Korea Now Podcast #52 – Brendan Wright – ‘Memory Politics from the Korean Civil War Period (1948-1960)’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Brendan Wright. They speak about the Korean Civil War period (1948-1960), the government orchestrated massacres of Leftist groups, the significant events that occurred in Jeju, Kyongju and Kochang, the national scale of this violence, its coordination from the Syngman Rhee administration, the silencing and repression of the victims and their families, the fight of victims’ groups to achieve justice, the ways in which the dead have had their identities smeared, the pressure and violence that victims’ groups have had to endure over the years, the historical re-imagining of this period, the political motivations behind this type of historical memory, the limitations of this movement for recognition, and the ways in which this history is still affecting Korean society today.

Brendan Wright is currently the Korea Foundation Post-doctoral Fellow at the University of Toronto.  He completed his PhD at the University of British Columbia in 2016. He is working on completing his manuscript “Civil War, Politicide, and the Politics of Memory in South Korea, 1948-1961”. His work has been published in Cross Currents, The Asia Pacific Journal, Verso and by Routledge. Pertinent to this podcast, Brendan is the author of: ‘Raising the Korean War Dead: Bereaved Family Associations and the Politics of 1960-1961 South Korea’ (https://apjjf.org/-Brendan-Wright/4387) and ‘Politicidal Violence and the Problematics of Localized Memory at Civilian Massacre Sites: The Cheju 4.3 Peace Park and the Kŏch'ang Incident Memorial Park’ (https://cross-currents.berkeley.edu/e-journal/issue-14/wright).

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The Korea Now Podcast #51 – Albert Park – ‘The Rise of Christianity in Modern Korea’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Albert Park. They speak about the religious landscape in ancient Korea, the places for Buddhism, Neo-Confucianism, Daoism, and Shamanism, the rise and relative falls of these religions/philosophies, the early arrival of Catholicism and the values that it represented for a changing nation, the amalgamation of religions into the popular movement ‘Tonghak’, the crushing of this religion by Japan during the Tonghak Peasant Rebellion (1894), the arrival of Protestantism, the new explanatory role it played in people’s lives, the new ethics and value placed on capitalism that it brought with it, and the way in which it has changed the religious, social and economic landscape of Korea.

Albert Park is the Bank of America Associate Professor of Pacific Basin Studies at Claremont McKenna College. As a historian of modern Korea and East Asia, his current research project focuses on the roots of environmentalism in modern Korean history and its relationship to locality and local autonomy. Albert is the Co-Principal Investigator of EnviroLab Asia - a Henry Luce Foundation - funded initiative at the Claremont Colleges ($1.4 million award) that carries out research on environmental issues in Asia through a cross disciplinary lens. Pertinent to this podcast, he is also the author of ‘Building a Heaven on Earth: Religion, Activism and Protest in Japanese Occupied Korea’ and is the co-editor of ‘Encountering Modernity: Christianity and East Asia’.

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The Korea Now Podcast #50 – Alon Levkowitz – ‘The Two Koreas, Israel and the Middle East’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Alon Levkowitz. They speak about the relationships between the two Koreas and the Middle East, the security, economic and diplomatic motivations behind these relationships, the early economic reasons for South Korean engagement, the shift over time to military involvement, the difficult diplomacy with countries like Syria and Iran, the economic opportunities for the Chaebol, and the ‘neutral’ policy aim toward the region and how it affects South Korea’s relationship with Israel; North Korea’s sale of military hardware to the region, their trade in chemical, missile and nuclear technology with various countries, their direct involvement in the 1967 and 1973 Arab-Israeli wars, and significantly North Korea’s nuclear relationship and comparisons with Iran.

Alon Levkowitz is a Chair of the Social Science and Civics department at Beit-Berl College, and a lecturer at the Asian Studies Program at Bar-llan University, and a Research Associate at the Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies. An expert on East Asian security, the Korean peninsula, and Asian international organizations, Alon has written extensively on the relationships and interests at play between the two Koreas and the Middle East. The articles of Alon’s, used as research for this podcast, are: ‘North Korea and the Middle East’ (https://www.academia.edu/33985018/North_Korea_and_the_Middle_East), ‘The Middle East Reopens for Business but with Old and New Hazards for South Korea’, (https://www.academia.edu/26854141/The_Middle_East_Reopens_for_Business_but_with_Old_and_New_Hazards_for_South_Korea), ‘South Korea's Middle East policy’ (https://www.academia.edu/11468432/South_Koreas_Middle_East_policy), and ‘Korea and the Middle East Turmoil’ (https://www.academia.edu/11468471/Korea_and_the_Middle_East_Turmoil).

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The Korea Now Podcast #49 – David Tizzard – ‘Nietzsche, Korea, and Social Change’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with David Tizzard. They speak about the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche, specific concepts such as the Will to Power, the Death of God, Metamorphosis and Eternal Recurrence, and how this offers insight into Korean society through issues like gay rights, sex, abortion, libel laws, the lingering importance of ‘keeping face’, racism, international reputation, K-pop, religion, capitalism, and the pain of modern history.

David Tizzard is a Professor at Ewha Woman's University, a columnist at the Korea Times, and is currently completing research on his Ph.D in Korean Studies. David has lived and worked in Korea for more than 10 years and his articles referenced in this podcast can be found at: ‘No sex please: we're Korean’ (http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/opinion/2019/04/137_267508.html), ‘Are you a halfie?’ (http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/opinion/2019/05/137_268678.html), ‘Who flies the gay flag in South Korea?’ (http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/opinion/2019/06/137_269875.html), ‘Korea: a question for you’ (http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/opinion/2019/06/137_271054.html), ‘Korea, racism and BTS’ (http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/opinion/2019/06/137_271470.html).

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The Korea Now Podcast #48 – Peter Banseok Kwon – ‘Rich Nation, Strong Military - National Development under Park Chung-hee’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Peter Banseok KWON. They speak about the origins of South Korean “self-reliant national defence” under Park Chung-hee, the pressures that forced this change in policy direction, the relative absence of indigenous industry inside the country at this time, the intertwining of defence building with economic development, the role played in this process by the Heavy and Chemical Industrialization Plan (HCIP), the central position that the Chaebol found themselves in during this period, the spin-offs (in both directions) from this dual track of military and economic development, the success and failures of these policies, and their remaining legacy inside Korea after the assassination of Park Chung-hee.

Peter Banseok KWON is an Assistant Professor of Korean Studies at the State University of New York (Albany), and is a previous recipient of the Soon Young Kim Postdoctoral Fellowship in Korean Studies at the Korea Institute, Harvard University. Peter received his Ph.D. in History and East Asian Languages from the Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations at Harvard University, and has held positions as an Associate Researcher at the Institute of Korean Studies at Yonsei University. The articles used as the primary research for this interview are: ‘Mars and Manna: Defense Industry and the Economic Transformation of Korea under Park Chung Hee’ (https://www.academia.edu/37491411/Mars_and_Manna_Defense_Industry_and_the_Economic_Transformation_of_Korea_under_Park_Chung_Hee), and ‘Beyond Patron and Client: Historicizing the Dialectics of US-ROK Relations amid Park Chung Hee’s Independent Defense Industry Development in South Korea, 1968–1979’ .(https://www.academia.edu/35797935/Beyond_Patron_and_Client_Historicizing_the_Dialectics_of_US-ROK_Relations_amid_Park_Chung_Hee_s_Independent_Defense_Industry_Development_in_South_Korea_1968_1979).

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The Korea Now Podcast #47 – Brad Glosserman – ‘The Future of Japan-Korea-America Trilateralism’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Brad Glosserman. They speak about the history of the South Korea-Japan relationship, how issues of history and identity have sustained and evolved over time, the role that America has played in helping to bridge the divide between these two countries, the shared geographical, economic, cultural and security interests that have allowed deeper cooperation over the years, the changing face of this dynamic under Moon Jae-in, Abe Shinzo and Donald Trump, the continuity of the military alliance, the galvanising effect of threats from North Korea and a newly assertive China, the demographic challenges confronting both South Korea and Japan, and importantly the future of the trilateral relationship.

Brad Glosserman is both the Deputy Director of, and Visiting Professor at, the Tama University Center for Rule Making Strategies, as well as a Senior Advisor for the Pacific Forum. Brad was also the Executive Director of the Pacific Forum for 15 years, and is the author of ‘The Future of U.S.-Korea-Japan Relations: Balancing Values and Interests’, ‘The Japan-South Korea Identity Clash: East Asian Security and the United States’ and ‘Peak Japan: The End of Great Ambitions’. Brad’s regular commentary and opinion pieces can be found at: http://cc.pacforum.org/author/brad_glosserman/

*** Brad Glosserman’s article ‘The Limits of Identity Politics and the Strategic Case for U.S.-ROK-Japan Trilateralism’ is also referenced in this podcast (http://www.keia.org/sites/default/files/publications/kei_aps_glosserman_170607.pdf).          

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The Korea Now Podcast #46 – Lee Seong-hyon – ‘China's Strategy on the Korean Peninsula’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Lee Seong-hyon. They speak about the history of China’s relationship with the Korean peninsula, how the America-China regional rivalry and trade war is affecting the denuclearisation process, how China sees its current interests affected by the denuclearisation talks, the challenges presented to China’s status and regional control by the recent summit diplomacy, what the regular Xi-Kim summits have been about, how much influence China really has over North Korea, the way China sees the possible signing of an end of war declaration, the place for South Korea in all of this, and importantly how Lee Seong-hyon sees this playing out over the coming months and years.

Lee Seong-hyon is the director of the Centre for Chinese Studies at the Sejong Institute in Seoul, and the Former director of the Department of Unification Studies at Sejong. He is a graduate from Grinnell College, Harvard University, and Tsinghua University, and was previously the Pantech Fellow at Stanford University, and is currently also a Senior (non-resident) Fellow at the Centre for Korean Peninsula Studies at Peking University. Links to the regularly published works of Seong-hyon can be found at: http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/sublist_674.html and http://www.sejong.org/eng/intro/org_view.php?str_bcode=031240003&str_no=seonghyon

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The Korea Now Podcast #45 – George Lopez – ‘The Effectiveness of North Korean Sanctions’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with George Lopez. They speak about the theory behind the application of sanctions, the history of sanctions around the world, how sanctions regimes have evolved over time, their effectiveness in achieving desired outcomes, which sanctions – and for which purposes – work best, how sanctions have been applied to North Korea, how North Korea were able to achieve a Nuclear Weapon regardless, how this sanctions regime was tightened in 2016, the ability of North Korea to constantly evade the restrictions, and what sanctions on North Korea should look like if they are to be effective into the future.

George Lopez is the Theodore M. Hesburgh, C.S.C., Professor Emeritus of Peace Studies at the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, and has served on the United Nations Security Council panel of experts for North Korean sanctions. He has been the Vice-President of the United States Institute of Peace, and is the author/editor of ‘The Sanctions Decade: Assessing UN Strategies in the 1990s’ and ‘Putting Teeth in the Tiger: Improving the Effectiveness of Arms Embargoes’. Pertinent to this podcast George has done a number of important lectures on peacebuilding (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=au5KsgvV4b0), comparative sanctions (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m911fnKoUjM), North Korea (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HQGViuTWLK8), and summit diplomacy (https://kroc.nd.edu/news-events/events/2019/02/27/the-u-s-north-korea-summit-a-real-time-assessment/).

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The Korea Now Podcast #44 – Jamie Doucette & Seung-Ook Lee – ‘Korean Extra-Territoriality - The Kaesong Industrial Complex and Beyond’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Jamie Doucette and Seung-Ook Lee. They speak about the conceptual ideas behind the Kaesong Industrial Complex, its construction and operation, the way this has altered traditional notions of sovereignty and territoriality, the economic rationale behind Kaesong (from both South Korean and North Korean perspectives), the political motivations, the hopes for reunification, the unique set of risks involved, the two temporary closures of the zone, Kaesong’s permanent shutdown in 2016 under the Park Geun-hye government, the successes and criticisms of the complex, the prospect of it reopening under the current political environment, and its geographical understanding as a new form of experimental extra-territoriality.

Jamie Doucette is a Senior Lecturer of Human Geography at the University of Manchester, and Seung-Ook Lee is an Assistant Professor of East Asia/Geography at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, in Daejeon, South Korea. This podcast is based, in part, around the joint research of Jamie and Seung-Ook concerning the Kaesong Industrial Complex, particularly, their article ‘Experimental territoriality: Assembling the Kaesong Industrial Complex in North Korea’ (https://www.academia.edu/12364243/Experimental_territoriality_Assembling_the_Kaesong_Industrial_Complex_in_North_Korea), as well as touching on ideas expressed in ‘Trump, turbulence, territory’ (https://www.academia.edu/38475791/Trump_turbulence_territory) and ‘Zoning global? North Korea’s Special Economic Zones’ (http://blog.policy.manchester.ac.uk/posts/2015/09/zoning-global-north-koreas-special-economic-zones/).

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The Korea Now Podcast #43 – Balázs Szalontai – ‘Memory, Responsibility and Reconciliation - From the Korean War to Denuclearization’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Balázs Szalontai. They speak about how memories of the Korean War have changed – or stayed the same – over time, how South Korea and North Korea have respectively examined their own failings, how both parties have approached the issue of responsibility, the willingness – or not – to look critically at history, the value of reconciliation, how all this relates to the denuclearisation issue, international comparisons for dismantling such weapons programs, the example of South Africa, and importantly how this informs the current moment and the prospects of a diplomatic solution for the North Korean crisis.

Balázs Szalontai is a Professor at Korea University, a former-Fulbright Scholar and Visiting Professor at Mongolian International University of Science and Technology, and a former-Research Associate at the Institute for International Education in Seoul. Balázs is the author of ‘Kim Il Sung in the Khrushchev Era: Soviet-DPRK Relations and the Roots of North Korean Despotism, 1953-1964’ and ‘North Korea Caught in Time: Images of War and Reconstruction’. As referenced in this podcast, he is also the author of ‘Captives of the Past: The Questions of Responsibility and Reconciliation in North Korea’s Narratives of the Korean War’ (https://www.academia.edu/25341526/Captives_of_the_Past_The_Questions_of_Responsibility_and_Reconciliation_in_North_Korea_s_Narratives_of_the_Korean_War), ‘Giving Up the Treasured Sword? The Prospects of North Korea’s Denuclearization in a Comparative Perspective’ (https://www.academia.edu/37118213/Giving_Up_the_Treasured_Sword_The_Prospects_of_North_Koreas_Denuclearization_in_a_Comparative_Perspective), and ‘North Korea's Peace Offensive’ (https://theglobalobservatory.org/2018/04/north-korea-peace-offensive-at-whose-expense/).

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The Korea Now Podcast #42 – Alexander Dukalskis – ‘From Above and Below - North Korea’s Brand of Authoritarianism’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Alexander Dukalskis. They speak about the nature of authoritarian control inside North Korea, how social life is monitored through community groups, how the North Korean ‘justice’ system enforces social compliance, the role of the marketplace in the now-changing face of this control, the break with government that the famine years provided, and how – if at all – outside information, the new capitalist environment, the presence of corruption, and increasing levels of everyday disobedience are eroding the regime’s authoritarian hold.

Alexander Dukalskis is an Assistant Professor in the School of Politics and International Relations at University College Dublin, a former Lecturer at the University of North Carolina, and a former Visiting Scholar at Columbia University and the Berlin Social Science Centre. Alex has an academic focus on authoritarian states, transitional justice, Asian politics, and international human rights; and his book ‘The Authoritarian Public Sphere’, was published in 2017. You can follow Alex on Twitter @AlexDukalskis, or read his research in-depth at: https://alexdukalskis.wordpress.com/

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The Korea Now Podcast #41 – Sean King – ‘From Singapore to Vietnam - The Future of Summit Diplomacy’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Sean King. They speak about the recent American-North Korean summits in Singapore and Vietnam, the benefits and drawbacks of such diplomacy, how the landscape has changed in this regard under the Trump presidency, the challenges presented by a South Korean administration racing ahead with a low-level North-South confederation, the possibilities of achieving complete denuclearisation, the future of economic engagement with the regime in Pyongyang, the value and uses of sanctions, and the limitations imposed by North Korea’s ideological commitment to race-based nationalism.

Sean King is a Senior Vice-President at the business advisory firm, Park Strategies, an Affiliated Scholar at the University of Notre Dame’s Liu Institute for Asia & Asian Affairs, and a former-Senior Advisor for Asia in the U.S. & Foreign Commercial Service (USFCS) within the United States Department of Commerce. Previous talks on this topic by Sean can be found at: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/videos/2018-04-23/park-strategies-sean-king-cautiously-pessimistic-on-n-korea-talks-video, and: https://kroc.nd.edu/news-events/events/2019/02/27/the-u-s-north-korea-summit-a-real-time-assessment/. (Sean King’s staff profile at Park Strategies: http://www.parkstrategies.com/staff_detail.php?id=18).

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The Korea Now Podcast #40 – Andrew Scobell – ‘In the Shadow of a Rising China’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Andrew Scobell. They speak about the rise of China, its expanding militarism in Southeast Asia, the Belt and Road Initiative and other aspects of regional economic interdependence, how the changing face of China is affecting North Korea, the history and fraught alliance between the two countries, what China wants from North Korea, how Pyongyang has managed to leverage its weakness against its much stronger neighbour, the risks that North Korea presents to Chinese stability, and the future of the relationship.

Andrew Scobell is a senior political scientist at the RAND Corporation, former-professor of international affairs at the George H. W. Bush School of Government and Public Service, a former-research professor in the Strategic Studies Institute at the U.S. Army War College, and a former-director of the China certificate program at Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas. Pertinent to this podcast, and Andrew’s work on China and North Korea, a list of his recent publications can be found at: https://www.rand.org/about/people/s/scobell_andrew.html#publications

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The Korea Now Podcast #39 – Stephen Nagy – ‘Regionalism, Failed Summits and the View from Japan’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Stephen Nagy. They speak about the nature of East-Asian regionalism, the challenges it needs to overcome, the future prospects for deeper cooperation in the region, the changing face of Japan within this environment, the political climate under the Shinzo Abe government, and importantly, the impact that a re-emergent Japan is having on South Korea. Jed and Stephen then shift focus slightly to analyse the theatre, fallout and long-term ramifications of the recent Trump-Kim summit in Hanoi.

Stephen Nagy is a Distinguished Fellow at Canada's Asia Pacific Foundation (APF), a Fellow with the Canadian Global Affairs Institute (CGAI), and an appointed China expert with Canada’s China Research Partnership. Stephen is currently a Senior Associate Professor in the Department of Politics and International Studies at the International Christian University, Tokyo. He was selected for the 2018 Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) AILA Leadership Fellowship in Washington, and has published widely in both peer-reviewed journals and popular media. You can follow Stephen’s writing, and access the research sources for this podcast at: http://icu.academia.edu/StephenRobertNagy and http://stephenrobertnagy.academia.edu/

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The Korea Now Podcast #38 – Bruce Bennett – ‘Pathways to Korean Reunification’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Bruce Bennett. They speak about the various pathways to Korean reunification, the likelihood of this occurring via war, regime collapse or negotiation, the relative steps involving trust-building, low-level confederation, and broader political integration, the security considerations and national interests of China, America and South Korea, how successful these different pathways are likely to be, the various concessions that South Koreans will need to undertake, and the future of the inter-Korean negotiations. In part this discussion revolves around Bruce Bennett’s article, ‘Alternative Paths to Korean Unification’ (https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR2808.html).

Bruce Bennett is a Senior Researcher at the RAND Corporations International Security and Defense Policy Center and the Arroyo Strategy, Doctrine, and Resources Program. Working on defense, strategy, force planning, and counter-proliferation, Bennett specializes in asymmetric threats. Bennett received his B.S. in economics from the California Institute of Technology and his Ph.D. in policy analysis from the Pardee RAND Graduate School (https://www.rand.org/about/people/b/bennett_bruce.html).

*** This interview occasionally references a previous episode of the Korea Now Podcast (Episode #11) where Bruce Bennett discusses the “Problem of the North Korean Elites” (http://korea-now-podcast.libsyn.com/the-korea-now-podcast-11-bruce-bennett-getting-ready-for-unification-the-problem-of-the-north-korean-elite).

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The Korea Now Podcast #37 – Boris Kondoch – ‘The Use of Force and North Korea - International Law, Normative Practice and R2P’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Boris Kondoch. They speak about the legal foundations of the use of force in international law, the right to self-defence, the injunction against the use of force, protections against international aggression, the conditions under which such central legal tenets stand-up and when they fail, the place held by human rights law, the right to humanitarian intervention as a form of remedy, how the doctrine of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) has been incorporated into the international order, and importantly how these frameworks apply legally and normatively to the case of North Korea.

An expert in international law, Boris Kondoch is a Professor at Far East University in South Korea and the Editor of the Journal of International Peacekeeping. He has previously taught international law and ethics in international relations as a Professor at the graduate school of law and the political science department of Korea University, and held a research fellowship for the President of the German Society of International Law at the Institute of Public Law at Johann Wolfgang Goethe University. Pertinent to this discussion, Boris is the author of ‘The Responsibility to Protect and Northeast Asia: The Case of North Korea’(http://www.academia.edu/5902542/The_Responsibility_to_Protect_and_Northeast_Asia_The_Case_of_North_Korea), ‘North Korea and the Use of Force in International Law’(http://www.academia.edu/5902336/North_Korea_and_the_Use_of_Force_in_International_Law_1), and ‘Jus ad Bellum and Cyber Warfare in Northeast Asia’(https://www.academia.edu/14426288/Jus_ad_Bellum_and_Cyber_Warfare_in_Northeast_Asia).

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The Korea Now Podcast #36 – Meredith Shaw – ‘The Strong and Prosperous Nation - Understanding North Korea through its Literature’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Meredith Shaw. They speak about the importance of studying North Korean literature, the insight this gives the reader into North Korean ideology and culture, the trends that are present in recent North Korean literature, the ways in which the slogan of the ‘Strong and Prosperous Nation’ has been re-interpreted/managed since 2012, how this literature is constructing the image and legitimation of Kim Jong-un, and the changes that can be gleaned about North Korean society.

Meredith Shaw is an Associate Professor in the Institute of Social Sciences at the University of Tokyo and the Managing Editor of Social Science Japan Journal. Meredith has worked as a research associate and translator at the Korean Institute of National Unification, and her current research focuses on the analysis of North Korean literature. Her article, ‘The Sun Sort-of Rises: The “Strong and Prosperous” Slogan in Recent North Korean Fiction’ can be found at http://www.keia.org/sites/default/files/publications/kei_aps_shaw_final.pdf and, importantly, her ongoing blog on North Korean literature is available at http://dprklit.blogspot.com/

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The Korea Now Podcast #35 – Terence Roehrig – ‘Nuclear Umbrella - American Military Commitment to the Korean Peninsula’

This episode of the Korea Now podcast features an interview that Jed Lea-Henry conducted with Terence Roehrig. They speak about the Cold War origins of America’s nuclear umbrella, how this nuclear deterrent relates to South Korea, the history of American nuclear weapons on the Korean peninsula, how the nuclear umbrella is seen inside South Korea, the impact it has had on North Korean behaviour, the theory behind such a deterrence mechanism, North Korea’s own military and nuclear capability, the security landscape and calculations concerning the peninsula, and how this nuclear umbrella remains important for the Korean theatre beyond its military component.

As well as being a past president of the Association of Korean Political Studies, Terence Roehrig is a Professor of National Security Affairs and the Director of the Asia-Pacific Studies Group at the U.S. Naval War College. Terence is the author of ‘From Deterrence to Engagement: The U.S. Defense Commitment to South Korea’, ‘Korean Dispute over the Northern Limit Line: Security, Economics, or International Law?’, and pertinent to this podcast ‘Japan, South Korea, and the United States Nuclear Umbrella: Deterrence After the Cold War’(https://cup.columbia.edu/book/japan-south-korea-and-the-united-states-nuclear-umbrella/9780231157995).

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